Directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Written by Bimal Dutta
Starring Rajesh Khanna
Music by Salil Choudhury
Cinematography Jaywant Pathare
Editing by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Distributed by Digital Entertainment
Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
Running time: 123 minutes
Anand (Hindi: आनंद, Urdu: آنند) is a Hindi film written and directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and released in 1971. It starred Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan in lead roles; Khanna played the title role. The dialogues were written by Gulzar. They have a lyrical and poetic touch as the characters of Dr. Bhaskar Banerjee (played by Bachchan) and the dialogue writer of film, Gulzar, are poets in the film and in reality.
Indiatimes Movies ranks the movie amongst the "Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films". It is listed in "Hrishikesh Mukherjee's best films"
The story is about Anand Sehgal (Rajesh Khanna), a cancer (lymphosarcoma of the intestine) patient who believes in living his life to the fullest. He comes to Mumbai to live his last days there and to meet his friend Kulkarni (Ramesh Deo). Contrasting Anand is Bhaskar Banerjee (Amitabh Bachchan), a sober doctor, upset with life and the dark reality of his nation. Bhaskar's tête-à-tête with Anand makes him notice the colours behind all the despair and complexity in one's life and teaches him a lesson. After spreading happiness everywhere around himself and changing the lives of many, Anand, as destined, leaves them all, which inspires Bhaskar to write a book on his life.
The film is a narrative, as Bhaskar writes in his diary about his life before Anand, his first meeting, how his relationship with him changes from a doctor-patient to a friend and then to a friend for whom he can do anything, and how a dying man changes his way of thinking to a great extent.
Rajesh Khanna as Anand Sehgal
Amitabh Bachchan as Dr. Bhaskar Banerjee
a.k.a. Babu Moshaye
Sumita Sanyal as Renu
Ramesh Deo as Dr. Prakash Kulkarni
Seema Deo as Suman Kulkarni
Lalita Pawar as Matron
Durga Khote as Renu's mother
Johnny Walker as Isa Bhai
Asit Sen as Bhaskar's patient
Dara Singh as Pahalwan.
1971: National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi:
Hrishikesh Mukherjee, N.C. Sippy
1972: Filmfare Best Movie Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee, N.C. Sippy
1972: Filmfare Best Actor Award: Rajesh Khanna
1972: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award: Amitabh Bachchan
1972: Filmfare Best Dialogue Award: Gulzar
1972: Filmfare Best Editing Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee
1972: Filmfare Best Story Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee
The musical score for the film was composed by Salil Chaudhary.
The lyrics were written by Gulzar and Yogesh. Gulzar wrote the poem "Maut To Ek Kawita Hai" which is narrated by Amitabh Bachchan.
Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli
Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaaye
Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaaye
Maine Tere Liye Hi Saat Rang Ke Sapne
Na Jiyaa Lage Na
Earlier Hrishi da had approached Lata Mangeshkar to work as a music director for this movie as she had already worked as a successful music director in Marathi movies under the pseudonym of "Anandghan".
But she gracefully declined the offer and decided to sing for the film than composing it.
MakingAnand was originally supposed to star famous Bollywood actors Kishore Kumar and Mehmood in the lead roles. One of the producers, N.C. Sippy, had earlier served as Mehmood's production manager. The character Babu Moshai was to be played by Mehmood. Hrishikesh was asked to meet Kishore Kumar to discuss the project. However, when Hrishikesh Mukherjee went to Kishore Kumar's house, he was driven away by the gatekeeper due to a misunderstanding. Kishore Kumar (himself a Bengali) had done a stage show organized by another Bengali man, and he was involved in a fight with this man over money matters. He had instructed his gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the house. When Hrishikesh Mukherjee (also a Bengali) went to Kumar's house, the gatekeeper mistook him for the "Bengali" that Kishore Kumar had asked him to drive away. The incident hurt Mukherjee so much that he decided not to work with Kumar. Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well, and new actors (Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan) were signed up.
Film expert and musicologist Rajesh Subramanian opines that the Hrishikesh Mukherjee shot the film in 28 days.
The character of Anand was inspired by Raj Kapoor, who used to call Hrishikesh Mukherjee as "Babu Moshay". It is believed that Mukherjee wrote the film when once Raj Kapoor was seriously ill and he thought that he may die. The film is dedicated to "Raj Kapoor and the people of Bombay".
Later, Anand was remade in Malayalam, with the name Chitrashalabham (Butterfly) starring Jayaram and Biju Menon.